Christopher Eric Hitchens (born April 13, 1949 in Portsmouth, England – died December 15, 2011 in Houston, Texas)
“Hitchens, the son of a commander in the Royal Navy, spent his early childhood in itinerant fashion, with stays in Malta and in Rosyth, Scotland. His mother emphasized education as an entrée into the upper echelons of society. At her insistence, Hitchens was sent to boarding school at an early age, eventually attending The Leys School, Cambridge. In 1967 he enrolled at Balliol College, Oxford, where he joined the International Socialists, a Trotskyist sect. Though an adamant leftist, Hitchens cultivated connections across the political spectrum, a tendency that incurred opprobrium from his more doctrinaire compatriots. He graduated with a bachelor’s degree in philosophy, politics, and economics in 1970 and moved to London, where he wrote for the Times Higher Education Supplement.
In 1973 Hitchens became a staff writer for the left-wing weekly New Statesman and then moved to the Evening Standard. He served as a foreign correspondent for the Daily Express (1977–79) before becoming foreign editor of the New Statesman (1979–81). Hitchens moved to New York City in 1981, and the following year he relocated to Washington, D.C., where he penned the column “Minority Report” for the liberal magazineThe Nation. During this time he also wrote Cyprus (1984; reissued asHostage to History: Cyprus from the Ottomans to Kissinger, 1989), an analysis of the role of imperial powers in the 1974 conflicts in Cyprus, and The Elgin Marbles: Should They Be Returned to Greece? (1987).
After death threats were issued against his friend Salman Rushdie in 1989—following allegations about the sacrilegious nature of Rushdie’s novel The Satanic Verses (1988)—Hitchens publicly defended him, citing his right to freedom of expression and excoriating fellow leftists for failing to do the same. A year later Hitchens released The Monarchy: A Critique of Britain’s Favorite Fetish and Blood, Class, and Nostalgia: Anglo-American Ironies, a discussion of the uneven cultural exchange between the United States and England. In 1992 he began writing a column for Vanity Fairmagazine.
Hitchens frequently lambasted what he saw as the mythologizing of public figures. In The Missionary Position: Mother Teresa in Theory and Practice (1995), he was sharply critical of Mother Teresa, and among his allegations were claims that she supported dictators, including Haiti’s Jean-Claude Duvalier; many of the book’s accusations were featured in the television documentary Hell’s Angel (1994), which he wrote. Hitchens also detailed the various indiscretions of U.S. Pres. Bill Clinton in No One Left to Lie To: The Triangulations of William Jefferson Clinton (1999) and documented what he perceived as the war crimes of former secretary of state Henry Kissinger in The Trial of Henry Kissinger (2001; film 2002). In addition to writing, he appeared regularly as a television commentator and on the lecture circuit, often engaging opponents in political debate.
His memoir, Hitch-22, was published in 2010; during the book tour, Hitchens announced that he had been diagnosed with esophageal cancer. While undergoing treatment, he continued to make public appearances, during which he discussed his condition and frequently reiterated his religious disbelief in response to suggestions of a possible deathbed recantation. The Quotable Hitchens: From Alcohol to Zionism, a compendium of his one-liners, and Arguably, a collection of cultural commentary, were released in 2011 prior to his death. Mortality, comprising essays written in the wake of his cancer diagnosis, was published the following year. And Yet…(2015) assembles essays on a wide variety of topics. ” (britannica)